Millinery is the art and craft of making hats and headwear. The word milliner originally referred to an inhabitant of Milan, Italy1, where fine hats were produced in the 18th century. However, the history of millinery goes back much further than that. Here are some of the highlights of the history of millinery from ancient times to modern days.
- In ancient times2, hats and headwear were worn for various purposes, such as protection from the elements3, religious rituals4, social status, or fashion. Some of the examples of ancient hats and headwear are the Egyptian headdress, the Greek petasos, the Roman pileus, or the Chinese cap.
- In medieval times, hats and headwear became more elaborate and diverse, reflecting the social hierarchy, regional differences, or cultural influences. Some of the examples of medieval hats and headwear are the hennin, the coif, the chaperon, or the turban.
- In modern times, hats and headwear became more expressive and creative, influenced by historical events, technological innovations, artistic movements, or celebrity trends. Some of the examples of modern hats and headwear are the top hat, the cloche, the fedora, or the baseball cap.
As you can see, millinery is a rich and fascinating art form that has evolved over time and across cultures. Hats and headwear are not only functional accessories but also cultural symbols that reflect the history and identity of people who wear them.